Knee Replacement

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What is Knee Replacement Surgery?
It is the process of replacing a damaged, worn or diseased bone with an artificial joint.
Knee replacement surgery — additionally called knee surgical procedure (ARTH-row-plas-tee) — will facilitate relieve pain and restore perform in severely morbid knee joints. The procedure involves cutting away broken bone and tissue from your femoris, leg bone and kneecap and substitution it with a synthetic joint (prosthesis) fabricated from metal alloys, top-grade plastics, and polymers.
Indecisive whether or not a knee replacement is correct for you, AN medical science Dr. assesses your knees vary of motion, stability, and strength. X-rays facilitate verify the extent of the injury.
GOAL- To restore pain and restore proper functioning of knee joint.

What are the Types of knee replacement surgery?

  • Total Knee Replacement (TKR)
  • Partial Knee Replacement (PKR)


TKR (Total Knee Replacement) - In this procedure, the complete joint is replaced with an artificial joint which is made of metal and plastic components.
A total knee replacement could be a surgery whereby the pathological genu is replaced with artificial material. The knee could be a hinge joint that provides motion at the purpose wherever the thigh meets the lower leg. The femur (or femur) abuts the massive bone of the lower leg (tibia) at the genu. throughout a complete knee replacement, the top of the thighbone bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. the top of the lower long bone (tibia) is additionally removed and replaced with a channelled plastic piece with a metal stem. counting on the condition of the kneecap portion of the genu, a plastic "button" can also be additional beneath the kneecap surface. the substitute parts of a complete knee replacement square measure observed because the corrective.
The posterior cruciform ligament could be a tissue that commonly stabilizes either side of the genu, so the lower leg cannot slide backward about the femur. In total knee replacement surgery, this ligament is either preserved, sacrificed, or substituted by a synthetic resin post. every of those varied styles of total knee replacement has its own specific edges and risks.

PKR (Partial Knee Replacement)- If only one side of the knee is damaged, PKR is done. It is a less extensive operation, with smaller incision, where less bone is being removed.
A partial knee replacement is an alternative to total knee replacement for a few patients with degenerative arthritis of the knee. This surgery may be done once the injury is confined to a specific compartment of the knee.
In the past, partial knee replacement was reserved for older patients United Nations agency were concerned in few activities. Now, partial knee replacement is commonly most well-liked within the younger population as their recovery is faster and infrequently with a lot of less pain. concerning five-hitter to six of patients with rheumatic knees are calculable to be eligible for partial knee replacement.
Causes Leading to This Treatment –
Osteoarthritis or other joint problems. Rarely, it is used to correct some kinds of knee deformity.

How does it work?
The broken cartilage surfaces at the ends of the thighbone and shinbone are removed at the side of a little quantity of underlying bone. The removed animal tissue and bone is replaced with metal parts that recreate the surface of the joint. These metal elements are ironed to suit into the bone. The beneath surface of the kneecap is cut and resurfaced with a plastic button. so, a plastic spacer is inserted between the metal parts to form a swish glide surface.

How is it diagnosed?
An orthopaedic operating surgeon can perform an intensive examination of your knee, analyse X-rays, and conduct physical tests .X-rays of your articulatio genus can indicate any modification in size or form or any uncommon circumstances.


Advancements in knee surgery: -
Gender Specific Knee Replacement (females) – frame Implant: - Specially fitted to the feminine body thanks to important variations within the anatomy of men and ladies.
High Flex Knee Replacement: - Bending up to a hundred and fifty-five degrees and permits motion, cross-legged and squatting.
Minimal invasive knee Surgery: – incision of 4 to 5 inches solely. a tiny low scar, less blood loss, less surgical trauma, less post-operative pain, lesser medication, quick recovery, shorter hospital stays.
Attune Rotating Platform Knee Replacement: - a primary of its kind in India. set Rotating Platform knee replacement together with Minimally Invasive Subvastus technique may be a boon assuaging all the concern within the patient. This surgical treatment makes the patients feel their knee may be a traditional knee in relation to stability, mobility, and performance. skillfulness in size and matching the patient’s anatomy makes this a – personal Knee.

What are the risks involved?
Knee replacement surgery, like any surgery, carries risks. They include:

  • Infection
  • Blood clots in the leg vein or lungs
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Nerve damage


What is the cost of the surgery?
The cost for single knee replacement is 6000 USD and if both the knees are replaced then the cost is around 11000 USD.

What is treatment duration?
The procedure requires only 1-2 hours and the hospital stay is for about 3-5 days. The stay in India would be for approximately 6 weeks.

What is the Success Rate of knee replacement surgery?
The success rate for total knee replacement surgery at India's best hospitals is 99%.
The success of your knee replacement procedure depends on the quality of your surgeon and the operation theatre and importantly- how well suited the implant is for your knee.

Orthopedics Hospitals in India

Orthopedics Top 20. Top Ranked Hospitals for Orthopedics in India. Get Opinion and cost estimate from any three Hospitals Times of India National Rank in Orthopedics The Week National Rank in Orthopedics
Medanta Hospital Gurgaon Delhi India
Medanta – The Medicity is one of India's largest multi-super specialty institutes located in Gurgaon, a bustling town in the National Capital Region. Founded by eminent cardiac surgeon, Dr. Naresh Trehan, the institution has been... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 1,250
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
1 8
Fortis Memorial Research Institute - Gurgaon India
Fortis one of their leading health care centers is located at Guargaon. Fortis hospital Guargaon Set up over 11-acres, with a provision of 1000 beds. The Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) is a quaternary care and multi-speciality... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 1000
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
2
BLK Hospital New Delhi India
In 1930 , at Lahore Dr. B.L. Kapur an distinguished Obstertrician and Gynaecologist set up a Charitable Hospital. He moved to post-separation India and set up a Maternity Hospital at Ludhiana in 1947. In 1956 on the request of the Prime... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 650
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
3
Apollo Hospitals Chennai
In 1983 , the Apollo Group established the flagship hospital named as Apollo Hospital , Chennai. The Hospital has 60 departments organized by Internationally Trained Doctors , having hi-tech facilities of vaious health disorders and... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 500
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
4 6
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital Delhi India
The India’s First Hospital which is Internationally Accredited by Joint Commission International(JCI) is the Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi. It is the best multi-speciality tertiary acute care hospitals with over 700 beds. It... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 718
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
5 10
Jaslok Hospital Mumbai India
Jaslok Hospital was set up in 1973 with a very simple mission. Our founders, Jasoti and Lokoomal Chanrai, wanted to ensure that we provide the best possible medical care using state-of-the-art technology to every single patient,... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 600
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
6
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Delhi India
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital is a 675-Beded multi-speciality state-of-the-art Hospital in India. It provides comprehensive Healthcare India services, and has acquired the status of a premier medical institution. It is the only hospital in the... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 675
Accredited By :
  • NABH
7 13
Fortis Hospital Mumbai India
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a JCI accredited, 300-bed multi-speciality tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 300
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
8
Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital Mumbai India
Dr L H Hiranandani was the inspiration behind the edifice. He was born in 1917 in Thatta, Sind (now in Pakistan). The family migrated to Mumbai in 1937. He completed his medical education in 1942. He was keen to further his education and... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) :
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
9
Max Super Speciality Hospital - Patparganj New Delhi India
Max Multi Speciality Hospital, Patparganj, subsidiary of Max healthcare that have 11 top hospitals in Delhi- NCR, Punjab and Uttarakhand with over 1900 bedding facilities including 525 ICU bedding, 2100 world class doctors. They follow a... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 500
Accredited By :
  • JCI
11
P.D. Hinduja National Hospital Mumbai India
Established in the early 1950's under the leadership of the late Shri P.D. Hinduja, our vision is to deliver quality healthcare. As an ultramodern tertiary care hospital in Mumbai, India we are motivated to lead the pathway to medical... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 400
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
12 15
MGM Hospital Mumbai India
The Mahatma Gandhi Mission (MGM) New Bombay Hospital Vashi is one of the most advanced multi-specialty tertiary care centres in the heart of Navi Mumbai in India. Since 1993, the hospital has experienced rapid growth to become a key player... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 176
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
13
Dr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital Mumbai India
The iconic healthcare institution of Mumbai, Dr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital, blessed by Mahatma Gandhi and inaugurated in 1950 by India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, is now reintroduced asNanavati Super Speciality Hospital.... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 350
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
14
Apollo Hospital Hyderabad India
Apollo hospital , Hyderabad is the best hospital in the world , in terms of technical expertise , deliverables and outcomes. The first health city in Asia and a perfect example of an integrated healthcare system offering solutions across... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 350
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
18
SIMS Hospital Chennai India
SIMS Hospital – Vadapalani, Chennai renders 360 degree advanced tertiary healthcare services with multi-super speciality and, very soon, a state-of-the-art multi-organ transplant service. With the finest combination of experience,... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 350
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
19
Continental Hospitals, A Gleneagles Facility Hyderabad India
Continental Hospitals is a part of the Parkway Pantai Ltd. Parkway Pantai is one of the region's largest integrated private healthcare groups with a network of 22 hospitals and more than 4,000 beds throughout Asia, including Singapore,... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 750
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
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