Heart Transplant

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What is a Heart Transplant?
A heart transplant is an operation in which a failing, diseased heart is replaced with a healthier, donor heart. Heart transplant is a treatment that is typically saved for individuals who have attempted medicines or different medical procedures, however their conditions haven't adequately moved forward.
Heart transplants are performed when different medications for heart issues haven't worked, leading to heart failure.

How is a heart transplant performed?
Once a donor heart becomes available, a surgeon surgically removes the heart from the donor's body. The heart is cooled and stored in a special solution. The transplant surgery is performed at the earliest, after the donor heart becomes available. During the surgery, the patient is placed on a heart-lung machine. This machine allows the body to receive vital oxygen and nutrients from the blood even though the heart is being operated on.
Surgeons then remove the patient's heart except for the back walls of the atria, the heart's upper chambers. The back of the new heart is opened at the left upper chamber, which is connected to the corresponding remnant of the recipient. The 2 large veins of the right side - the venae cavae are connected independently.
Surgeons then connect the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow through the heart and lungs. As the heart warms up, it begins beating. Surgeons check all the connected blood vessels and heart chambers for leaks before removing the patient from the heart-lung machine. It is a complex procedure that lasts from 4 to 10 hours.

Other Treatment Methods

LVADS AS A BRIDGE TO TRANSPLANT
For many patients, the process of heart failure treatment will include a mechanical assist device to support their heart before a donor’s heart is available. LVADs help the existing heart to do its job while the patient waits for a donor’s heart.

ECMO HELPS PATIENTS WAITING FOR TRANSPLANT
ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) therapy. This unique treatment can help a patient survive a heart failure crisis while waiting for a transplant.
This treatment:

  • Uses a machine to take over the work of the heart to oxygenate the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the body
  • Can circulate a patient’s blood for them for up to 1 to 2 weeks
  • Allows patients to recover from a health crisis so that they can receive an LVAD or transplant


Complications of the surgery
Heart transplant surgery requires open heart surgery, which carries the risk of many complications, including:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Death


Risks of having a heart transplant
Although receiving a donor heart can save your life, having a heart transplant has many risks. Risks include:

  • Rejection of the donor heart.
  • Problems with your coronary arteries.
  • Medication side effects.
  • Cancer
  • Infection.


What are post-surgery precautions?

  • Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables each day
  • Eating whole-grain breads, cereals and other grains
  • Drinking low-fat or fat-free milk or eating other low-fat or fat-free dairy products, to help maintain enough calcium in your body
  • Eating lean meats, such as fish or poultry
  • Maintaining a low-salt diet
  • Avoiding unhealthy fats, such as saturated fats or trans fats
  • Avoiding grapefruit and grapefruit juice due to its effect on a group of immunosuppressant medications (calcineurin inhibitors)
  • Avoiding excessive alcohol
  • Staying hydrated by drinking adequate water and other fluids each day
  • Following food safety guidelines to reduce the risk of infection


Success Rate
The success rate of the heart transplant is 90%.

Treatment Methods
The surgery lasts for approximately 15-18 hours. The stay in India can last up to a few months.

Transplant Hospitals in India

Transplant Top 20. Top Ranked Hospitals for Transplant in India. Get Opinion and cost estimate from any three Hospitals Times of India National Rank in Transplant The Week National Rank in Transplant
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital Delhi India
The India’s First Hospital which is Internationally Accredited by Joint Commission International(JCI) is the Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi. It is the best multi-speciality tertiary acute care hospitals with over 700 beds. It... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 718
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
1 5
Medanta Hospital Gurgaon Delhi India
Medanta – The Medicity is one of India's largest multi-super specialty institutes located in Gurgaon, a bustling town in the National Capital Region. Founded by eminent cardiac surgeon, Dr. Naresh Trehan, the institution has been... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 1,250
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
2 2
Jaslok Hospital Mumbai India
Jaslok Hospital was set up in 1973 with a very simple mission. Our founders, Jasoti and Lokoomal Chanrai, wanted to ensure that we provide the best possible medical care using state-of-the-art technology to every single patient,... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 600
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
3
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital Mumbai India
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute is India’s one of the most advanced tertiary care facilities. As the flagship social initiative of the Reliance Group headed by Anil Dhirubhai Ambani, the hospital is... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 750
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
4 3
Fortis Memorial Research Institute - Gurgaon India
Fortis one of their leading health care centers is located at Guargaon. Fortis hospital Guargaon Set up over 11-acres, with a provision of 1000 beds. The Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) is a quaternary care and multi-speciality... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 1000
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
5 10
BLK Hospital New Delhi India
In 1930 , at Lahore Dr. B.L. Kapur an distinguished Obstertrician and Gynaecologist set up a Charitable Hospital. He moved to post-separation India and set up a Maternity Hospital at Ludhiana in 1947. In 1956 on the request of the Prime... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 650
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
6 9
Max Super Speciality Hospital - Patparganj New Delhi India
Max Multi Speciality Hospital, Patparganj, subsidiary of Max healthcare that have 11 top hospitals in Delhi- NCR, Punjab and Uttarakhand with over 1900 bedding facilities including 525 ICU bedding, 2100 world class doctors. They follow a... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 500
Accredited By :
  • JCI
7
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Delhi India
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital is a 675-Beded multi-speciality state-of-the-art Hospital in India. It provides comprehensive Healthcare India services, and has acquired the status of a premier medical institution. It is the only hospital in the... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 675
Accredited By :
  • NABH
10 7
Apollo Hospitals Chennai
In 1983 , the Apollo Group established the flagship hospital named as Apollo Hospital , Chennai. The Hospital has 60 departments organized by Internationally Trained Doctors , having hi-tech facilities of vaious health disorders and... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 500
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
11
Apollo Hospitals, Bengaluru is a tertiary care leading unit of the Apollo hospitals group. It has made a presence in Bengaluru and reached 42nd Super Specialty Hospital of the crowd. It is a 250 bedded hospital, beautifully redesigned over... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 250
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
15 12
Apollo Hospital Hyderabad India
Apollo hospital , Hyderabad is the best hospital in the world , in terms of technical expertise , deliverables and outcomes. The first health city in Asia and a perfect example of an integrated healthcare system offering solutions across... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 350
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
16
The Calcutta Medical Research Institute Kolkata India
CMRI (The Calcutta Medical Research Institute) — the flagship hospital of the CK Birla Group of Hospitals, has been a strong name in providing health care services for over 47 years. This multi-speciality tertiary unit is based on three... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 440
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
18
Fortis Hospital Mumbai India
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a JCI accredited, 300-bed multi-speciality tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 300
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
19
Fortis Hospital Mohali India
Fortis Hospital Mohali (FHM) has been Internationally Accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI) since 2007 (renewed for the 4th time in 2016). It is also the proud recipient of accreditation from National Accreditation Board of... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 344
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
20