Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

What is CABG?
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery builds a diversion around one or a lot of blocked coronary arteries with a graft from a healthy vein or artery. The graft goes around the clogged artery or arteries to form new pathways for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the guts.
Coronary artery bypass affixation (CABG) could be a kind of surgery that progresses blood flow to the guts. Surgeons use the coronary bypass to treat folks that have a severe coronary cardiovascular disease (CHD).
CHD could be a sickness within which a waxy substance referred to as plaque (plak) builds up within the coronary arteries. These arteries offer oxygen-rich blood to your heart.
Over time, plaque will harden or rupture (break open). Hardened plaque narrows the coronary arteries and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the guts. this will cause hurting or discomfort referred to as angina.
If the plaque ruptures, a blood will kind on its surface. an oversized blood will largely or fully block blood flow through an artery. this can be the foremost common explanation for an attack. Over time, the busted plaque additionally hardens and narrows the coronary arteries.


Symptoms and Risk
Symptoms of coronary artery disease may include:
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue (severe tiredness)
  • Palpitations
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the hands and feet
  • Indigestion



Detection and Diagnosis
Tests are done to search out that arteries are clogged, what proportion they are clogged, and whether or not there is any heart harm.

  • EKG (Electrocardiogram)
  • An ECG may be an easy take a look at that detects and records your heart's electrical activity. It shows how briskly your heart is thrashing and its rhythm (steady or irregular). It additionally records the strength and temporal order of electrical signals as they experience a part of your heart
    Some heart issues are easier to diagnose once your heart is functioning exhausting and beating quick. throughout stress testing, you exercise (or are given medication if you’re unable to exercise) to create your heart push and beat quick whereas heart tests are done.
    These tests could embody nuclear heart scanning, diagnostic technique, and resonance imaging (MRI) and antielectron emission imaging (PET) scanning of the centre.

  • Echocardiography
  • Echocardiography, or echo, uses sound waves to make a motion-picture show off your heart. The take a look at providing info concerning the dimensions and form of your heart and the way well your heart's chambers and valves are operating.
    The take a look at can also determine areas of poor blood flow to the centre, areas of cardiac muscle that are not getting unremarkably, and former injury to the centre muscle caused by poor blood flow.

  • Coronary roentgenography
  • Coronary roentgenography uses dye and special x rays to indicate the insides of your coronary (heart) arteries. throughout the take a look at, a long, thin, versatile tube known as a tube is placed into a vessel in your arm, groin (upper thigh), or neck.
    The tube is then rib into your coronary arteries, and therefore the dye is injected into your blood. Special x rays are taken whereas the dye is flowing through your coronary arteries.
    The dye lets your doctor study the flow of blood through your heart and blood vessels. This helps your doctor realize blockages which will cause a heart failure.



Other Considerations
When deciding whether you're a candidate for CABG, your doctor also will consider your:

  • History and past treatment of heart disease, including surgeries, procedures, and medicines
  • History of other diseases and conditions
  • Age and general health
  • Family history of CHD, heart attack, or other heart diseases



Treatment Method
How is CABG performed?

  • CABG is one treatment for CHD. During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to the blocked coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses (that is, goes around) the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new path for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart muscle.
    Surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries during one surgery.

Other procedures available to cure the disease

  • Key Hole Surgery
  • Enhanced External Counter Pulsation
  • Coronary Angioplasty
  • Balloon Angioplast



What is the cost of the procedure?
The cost of the procedure is about 6500 USD.


What is the success rate?
The success rate of success of CABG has been around 95-98%


Treatment Duration
The time required in the procedure is about 3-6 hours and the hospital stay would last for about 3 to 8 days.


Precautions
Some of these risk factors can be controlled through lifestyle changes and/or medications, while others cannot. Controllable factors include:

  • High blood cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Physical inactivity
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet.

Non-controllable factors include:

  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history
  • Medical history

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Hospitals in India

Cardiology Top 20. Top Ranked Hospitals for Cardiology in India. Get Opinion and cost estimate from any three Hospitals Times of India National Rank in Cardiology The Week National Rank in Cardiology
Medanta Hospital Gurgaon Delhi India
Medanta – The Medicity is one of India's largest multi-super specialty institutes located in Gurgaon, a bustling town in the National Capital Region. Founded by eminent cardiac surgeon, Dr. Naresh Trehan, the institution has been... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 1,250
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
1 5
Apollo Hospitals Chennai
In 1983 , the Apollo Group established the flagship hospital named as Apollo Hospital , Chennai. The Hospital has 60 departments organized by Internationally Trained Doctors , having hi-tech facilities of vaious health disorders and... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 500
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
2 7
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute - Okhla New Delhi India
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Center is revered as an enduring symbol of Cardiac Care in the country. A JCI Accredited Hospital, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, offers sheer excellence in the field of Cardiology and Cardiac... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 285
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
3 2
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital Delhi India
The India’s First Hospital which is Internationally Accredited by Joint Commission International(JCI) is the Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi. It is the best multi-speciality tertiary acute care hospitals with over 700 beds. It... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 718
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
4 9
Dr. Agarwal Eye Hospital, Chennai
Dr.Agarwal's Eye Hospital was founded by Late Dr.J.Agarwal (recipient of the Padma Bhushan award) and his wife Dr. T.Agarwal in Chennai, India, in 1957. What was initially an eye clinic and their home evolved into a modern eye hospital... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 275
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
4
Fortis Hospital Mumbai India
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a JCI accredited, 300-bed multi-speciality tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 300
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
5
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital Mumbai India
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute is India’s one of the most advanced tertiary care facilities. As the flagship social initiative of the Reliance Group headed by Anil Dhirubhai Ambani, the hospital is... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 750
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
6
Fortis Memorial Research Institute - Gurgaon India
Fortis one of their leading health care centers is located at Guargaon. Fortis hospital Guargaon Set up over 11-acres, with a provision of 1000 beds. The Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) is a quaternary care and multi-speciality... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 1000
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
9
Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital Mumbai India
Dr L H Hiranandani was the inspiration behind the edifice. He was born in 1917 in Thatta, Sind (now in Pakistan). The family migrated to Mumbai in 1937. He completed his medical education in 1942. He was keen to further his education and... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) :
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
10
Apollo Hospitals, Bengaluru is a tertiary care leading unit of the Apollo hospitals group. It has made a presence in Bengaluru and reached 42nd Super Specialty Hospital of the crowd. It is a 250 bedded hospital, beautifully redesigned over... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 250
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
11
Apollo Hospital Hyderabad India
Apollo hospital , Hyderabad is the best hospital in the world , in terms of technical expertise , deliverables and outcomes. The first health city in Asia and a perfect example of an integrated healthcare system offering solutions across... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 350
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
13
Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences Kolkata India
Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences (RTIICS), Kolkata is a NABH accredited superspeciality tertiary care hospital established in the year 2000. It provides service to the people of West Bengal and neighbouring... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 200
Accredited By :
  • JCI
14
Fortis Hospital Mohali India
Fortis Hospital Mohali (FHM) has been Internationally Accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI) since 2007 (renewed for the 4th time in 2016). It is also the proud recipient of accreditation from National Accreditation Board of... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 344
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
15
Narayana Health Bangalore India
We are headquartered in Bengaluru, India, and operate a national network of hospitals in India with a particularly strong presence in the southern state of Karnataka and eastern India, as well as an emerging presence in western and central... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 250
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
16 3
Continental Hospitals, A Gleneagles Facility Hyderabad India
Continental Hospitals is a part of the Parkway Pantai Ltd. Parkway Pantai is one of the region's largest integrated private healthcare groups with a network of 22 hospitals and more than 4,000 beds throughout Asia, including Singapore,... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 750
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
18
Max Super Speciality Hospital - Patparganj New Delhi India
Max Multi Speciality Hospital, Patparganj, subsidiary of Max healthcare that have 11 top hospitals in Delhi- NCR, Punjab and Uttarakhand with over 1900 bedding facilities including 525 ICU bedding, 2100 world class doctors. They follow a... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 500
Accredited By :
  • JCI
19
Jaslok Hospital Mumbai India
Jaslok Hospital was set up in 1973 with a very simple mission. Our founders, Jasoti and Lokoomal Chanrai, wanted to ensure that we provide the best possible medical care using state-of-the-art technology to every single patient,... + Read More
Size of Hospital (Beds) : 600
Accredited By :
  • JCI
  • NABH
20